INL Bird Species List

 

Bird Orders                                               Search for text on this page

Gaviformes (Loons) Falconiformes (Diurnal Birds of Prey) Strigiformes (Owls)
Podicipediformes (Grebes) Galliformes (Fowlike Birds) Caprimulgiformes (Nightjars and relatives)
Pelecaniformes (Pelicans) Gruiformes (Cranes, Rails and relatives) Apodiformes (Swifts and Hummingbirds)
Ciconiiformes (Herons, Storks, New World Vultures and relatives) Charadriiformes (Shorebirds, Gulls and relatives) Coraciiformes (Rollers, Kingfishers and relatives)
Anseriformes (Waterfowl) Columbiformes (Pigeons and Doves) Piciformes (Woodpeckers, Toucans and relatives)
Passeriformes (Perching Birds) Possible Occurrence Species  
INL Bird Species List
Species Distribution Seasonal Occurrence Abundance Remarks
Order GAVIFORMES (Loons) Return to Top
Family Gavildae
Common Loon 
(Gavia immer)
Aquatic Migrant Rare Species of Concern (Idaho State status)
Watch Species (Federal Status)
Order PODICIPEDIFORMES Return to Top
Family Podicipedidae
Clark's Grebe
(Aechmophorus clarkia)
Aquatic Summer Migrant Rare
Rare
Species of Concern (Idaho State Status)
Pied-billed Grebe 
(Podilymbus podiceps)
Aquatic Summer Migrant Rare
Rare
Horned Grebe 
(Podiceps auritus)
Aquatic Migrant Rare Protected Nongame Species (Idaho State status)
Eared Grebe 
(Podiceps nigricollis)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Winter
Uncommon
Rare
Uncommon
Protected Nongame Species (Idaho State status)
Western Grebe 
(Aechmophorus occidentalis)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Rare
Rare
Protected Nongame Species (Idaho State status)
Order PELECANIFORMES Return to Top
Family Pelecandiae
American White Pelican 
(Pelecanus erythrorhynchos)
Aquatic Migrant Rare Species of Concern (Idaho State Status)
Order CICONIIFORMS Return to Top
Family Ardeidae
American Bittern
(Botaurus lentiginosus)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Rare
Rare
Great Blue Heron
(Ardea herodias)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Rare
Rare
Great Egret
(Casmerodius albus)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Rare
Rare
Species of Concern (Idaho State Status)

Black-crowned Night Heron
(Nycticorax nycticorax
)

Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Rare
Rare
Species of Concern (Idaho State Status)
Cattle Egret
(Bubulcus ibis)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Rare
Rare
Species of Concern (Idaho State Status)
Green-backed Heron
(Butorides striatus)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Accidental
Accidental
Family Threskiornithidae
White-faced Ibis
(Plegadis chihi)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Rare
Rare
Species of Concern (Federal Status)
Order ANSERIFORMES Return to Top
Family Anatidae
Tundra Swan
(Cygnus columbianus)
Aquatic Migrant Rare
Trumpter Swan
(Cygnus buccinators)
Aquatic Migrant Rare Species of Concern (Idaho State Status)
Snow Goose
(Chen caerulescens)
Aquatic Migrant Rare
Canada Goose
(Branta canadensis)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Wood Duck
(Aix sponsa)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Rare
Accidental
Green-Winged Teal
(Anas crecca)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Mallard
(Anas platyrhynchos)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Winter
Common
Common
Uncommon
Northern Pintail
(Anas acuta)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Blue-winged Teal
(Anas discors)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Common
Females are indistinguishable from female cinnamon teal; males of both species are similar in fall plumage.
Cinnamon Teal
(Anas cyanoptera)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Northern Shoveler
(Anas clypeata)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Gadwall
(Anas strepera)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
American Wigeon
(Anas americana)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Canvasback
(Aythya valisineria)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Rare
Rare
Redhead
(Aythya americana)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Winter
Rare
Rare
Rare
Ring-necked Duck
(Aythya collaris)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Rare
Rare
Lesser Scaup
(Aythya affinis)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Winter
Uncommon
Rare
Uncommon
Common Goldeneye
(Bucephala clangula)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Winter
Uncommon
Rare
Uncommon
Barrow's Goldeneye
(Bucephala islandica)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Rare
Accidental
Bufflehead
(Bucephala albeola)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Rare
Common Merganser
(Mergus merganser)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Rare
Uncommon
Ruddy Duck
(Oxyura jamaicensis)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Uncommon 
Rare
Order FALCONIFORMES Return to Top
Family Cathartidae
Turkey Vulture
(Cathartes aura)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Winter
Uncommon
Uncommon
Accidental
Family Accipitridae
Subfamily Pandionidae
Osprey
(Pandion haliaetus)
Aquatic Migrant Rare Special concern (U. S. Bureau of Land Management
Subfamily Accipitriniae
Bald Eagle
(Haliaeetus leucocephalus)
Sitewide Migrant
Winter
Rare
Uncommon
Endangered (Idaho State status), Threatened (Federal status)
Northern Harrier
(Circus cyaneus)
Sitewide Resident Common
Sharp-shinned Hawk
(Accipiter striatus)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Winter
Rare
Rare
Rare
Cooper's Hawk
(Accipiter cooperii)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Winter
Rare
Uncommon
Rare
Northern Goshawk
(Accipiter gentilis)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Winter
Rare
Rare
Rare
Species of Concern (Idaho State status), Watch List (Federal status)
Swainson's Hawk
(Buteo swainsoni)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Winter
Uncommon
Uncommon
Rare
Red-tailed Hawk
(Buteo jamaicensis)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Winter
Uncommon
Uncommon
Rare
Ferruginous Hawk
(Buteo regalis)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Winter
Uncommon
Uncommon
Rare
Watch List (Federal status), Sensitive Species (BLM status)
Rough-legged Hawk
(Buteo lagopus)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Winter
Common
Common
Accidental
Golden Eagle
(Aquila chrysaetos)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Winter
Local
Uncommon
Common
Family Falconidae
American Kestrel
(Falco sparverius)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Winter
Common
Common
Uncommon
Merlin
(Falco columbarius)
Sitewide Resident Rare Watch Species (BLM status)
Peregrine Falcon
(Falco peregrinus)
Sitewide Resident Rare Endangered (Idaho State status)
Gyrfalcon
(Falco rusticolus)
Sitewide Migrant Accidental
Prairie Falcon
(Falco mexicanus)
Sitewide Resident Uncommon
Order GALLIFORMES Return to Top
Family Phasianidae
Gray Partridge
(Perdix perdix)
Agricultural
Facilities
Resident Uncommon Occasionally observed in sagebrush/grassland
Chukar
(Alectoris chukar)
Juniper
Sagebrush/
Grassland
Resident  Uncommon
Ring-necked Pheasant
(Phasianus colchicus)
Agricultural Resident Uncommon
Blue Grouse
(Dendragapus obscurus)
Agricultural
Facilities
Summer Accidental
Sage Grouse
(Centrocercus urophasianus)
Sitewide Resident Common
Order GRUIFORMES       Return to Top
Family Rallidae        
Sora Rail
(Porzana carolina)
Aquatic Migrant Rare
American Coot
(Fulica americana)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Winter
Uncommon
Uncommon
Uncommon
Order CHARADRIIFORMES Return to Top
Family Charadriidae
Kildeer
(Charadrius vociferus)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Common
Common
Family Recurvirostridae
American Avocet
(Recurvirostra americana)
Aquatic  Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Common
Family Scolopacidae
Greater Yellowlegs
(Tringa melanoleuca)
Aquatic Migrant Rare
Lesser Yellowlegs
(Tringa flavipes)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Rare
Rare
Solitary Sandpiper
(Trainga solitaria)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Rare
Willet
(Cataptrophorus semipalmatus)
Aquatic
Sagebrush/
Grassland
Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Spotted Sandpiper
(Actitis macularia)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Long-billed Curlew
(Numernius americanus)
Aquatic
Sagebrush/
Grassland
Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Species of Concern (Federal status)
Marbled Godwit
(Llimosa fedoa)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Rare
Uncommon
Common Snipe
(Gallinago gallinago)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Rare
Rare
Wilson's Phalarope
(Phalaropus tricolor)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Red-necked Phalarope
(Phalaropus lobatus)
Aquatic Migrant Rare
Family Laridae
Franklin's Gull
(Larus pipixcan)
Sagebrush/
Grassland
Aquatic
Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Bonaparte's Gull
(Larus philadelphia)
Aquatic Migrant Rare
Ring-billed Gull
(Larus delawarensis)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
California Gull
(Larus californicus)
Sagebrush/
Grassland
Aquatic
Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Rare
Herring Gull
(Larus argentatus)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Black-legged Kittiwake
(Rissa tridactyla)
Aquatic Winter Accidental
Caspian Tern
(Sterna caspia)
Aquatic Migrant Rare
Forster's Tern
(Sterna forsteri)
Aquatic Summer Rare
Black Tern
(Childonias niger)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Rare
Rare
Species of Concern (Idaho State status)
Order COLUMBIFORMES Return to Top
Family Columbidae
Rock Dove
(Columa livia)
Agricultural Facilities Resident Common
Mourning Dove
(Zenaida macroura)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Winter
Common
Abundant
Rare
Order STRIGIFORMES Return to Top
Family Strigidae
Great Horned Owl
(Bubo virginianus)
Sitewide Resident Uncommon
Burrowing Owl
(Athene cunicularia)
Agricultural
Sagebrush/
Grassland
Migrant
Summer
Winter
Uncommon
Uncommon
Accidental
Species of concern (Federal status)
Long-eared Owl
(Asio otus)
Riparian Migrant
Summer
Local
Local
Short-eared Owl
(Asio flammeus)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Northern Saw-whet Owl
(Aegolius acadicus)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Winter
Accidental
Accidental
Accidental
Order CAPRIMULGIFORMES Return to Top
Family Caprimulgidae
Common Nighthawk
(Chordeiles minor)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Common
Order APODIFORMES Return to Top
Family Apodidae
White-throated Swift
(Aeronautes saxatalis)
Riparian Summer Rare
Family Trochilidae        
Rufous Hummingbird
(Selasphorus rufus)
Agricultural
Riparian
Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Order CORACIIFORMES       Return to Top
Family Alcedinidae        
Belted Kingfisher
(Megaceryle alcyon)
Aquatic Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Order PICIFORMES       Return to Top
Family Picidae        
Downy Woodpecker
(Picoides pubescens)
Riparian Migrant
Summer
Rare
Rare
Northern Flicker
(Colaptes auratus)
Riparian Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
 
Order PASSERIFORMES       Return to Top
Family Tyrannidae        
Olive-sided Flycatcher
(Contopus borealis)
Agricultural
Riparian
Migrant
Summer
Rare
Rare
Western Flycatcher
(Empidonax difficilus)
Riparian Summer Rare  
Say's Pheobe
(Sayornis saya)
Agricultural
Facilities
Riparian
Juniper
Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Ash-throated Flycatcher
(Myiarchus cinerascens)
Riparian Summer Rare  
Western Kingbird
(Tyrannus verticalis)
Agricultural
Facilities
Riparian
Juniper
Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Eastern Kingbird
(Tyrannus tyrannus)
Agricultural
Facilities
Riparian
Juniper
Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
 
Family Alaudidae        
Horned Lark
(Eremophila alpestris)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Winter
Common
Abundant
Common
Family Hirundinidae        
Tree Swallow
(Tachycineta bicolor)
Agricultural
Riparian
Juniper
Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Violet-green Swallow
(Tachycineta thalassina)
Agricultural
Riparian
Juniper
Migrant
Summer
Local
Local
 
Northern Rough-winged Swallow
(Stelgifopteryx serripennis)
Agricultural
Riparian
Juniper
Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Bank Swallow
(Riparia riparia)
Agricultural
Riparian
Juniper
Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Rare
 
Cliff Swallow
(Hirundo pyrrhonota)
Agricultural
Riparian
Juniper
Migrant
Summer
Common
Common
Barn Swallow
(Hirundo rustica)
Agricultural
Riparian
Juniper
Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Common
 
Family Corvidae        
Clark's Nutcracker
(Nucifraga columbiana)
Juniper Migrant
Summer
Winter
Local
Local
Rare
Black-billed Magpie
(Pica pica)
Sitewide Resident Common  
American Crow
(Corvus brachyrhynchos)
Sitewide Resident Uncommon
Common Raven
(Corvus corax)
Sitewide Resident Uncommon  
Family Troglogytidae        
Rock Wren
(Salpinctes obsoletus)
Sagebrush/
Grassland
Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Usually near rock outcrops; canyons
Canyon Wren
(Catherpes mexicanus)
Sagebrush/
Grassland
Migrant
Summer
Rare
Rare
Usually near rock outcrops; canyons
House Wren
(Troglodytes aedon)
Agricultural
Riparian
Migrant
Summer
Winter
Uncommon
Uncommon
Uncommon
Family Muscicapidae        
Ruby-crowned Kinglet
(Regulus calendula)
Riparian Migrant
Winter
Uncommon
Accidental
Western Bluebird
(Sialia mexicana)
Sagebrush/
Grassland
Agricultural
Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
 
Mountain Bluebird
(Sialia mexicana)
Sagebrush/
Grassland
Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Townsend's Solitaire
(Myadestes townsendi)
Riparian Migrant
Summer
Rare
Rare
 
American Robin
(Turdus migratorius)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Common
Common
Family Mimidae        
Northern Mockingbird
(Mimus polyglottos)
Juniper Summer Accidental
Sage Thrasher
(Oreoscoptes montanus)
Sagebrush/
Grassland
Migrant
Summer
Common
Common
 
Family Motacillidae        
Water Pipit
(Anthus spinoletta)
Agricultural
Sagebrush/
Grassland
Migrant Rare
Family Bombycillidae        
Bohemian Waxwing
(Bombycilla garrulus)
Agricultural
Facilities
Riparian
Migrant
Summer
Winter
Common
Uncommon
Uncommon
Cedar Waxwing
(Bobmycilla cedrorum)
Agricultural
Facilities
Riparian
Migrant
Summer
Winter
Uncommon
Rare
Rare
 
Family Laniidae        
Northern Shrike
(Lanius excubitor)
Sitewide Migrant
Winter
Uncommon
Rare
Loggerhead Shrike
(Lanius ludovicianus)
Sitewide Resident Uncommon Species of Concern (Idaho State and Federal status)
Family Sturnidae        
European Starling
(Sturnus vlugaris)
Sitewide Resident Common
Family Vireonidae        
Warbling Vireo
(Vireo gilvus)
Riparian Migrant
Summer
Rare
Rare
Family Emberizidae        
Yellow Warbler
(Dendroica petechia)
Riparian Migrant Uncommon
Yellow-rumped Warbler
(Dendroica coronata)
Riparian Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
 
Townsend's Warbler
(Dendroica townsendi)
Riparian Migrant Rare
Common Yellowthroat
(Geothlypis trichas)
Riparian Summer Rare  
Wilson's Warbler
(Wilsonia pusilla)
Riparian Migrant
Summer
Rare
Rare
Yellow-breasted Chat
(Iteria virens)
Riparian Summer Rare  
Western Tanager
(Piranga ludoviciana)
Agricultural
Riparian
Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Black-headed Grosbeak
(Pheucticus melanocephalus)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Rare
Rare
 
Lazuli Bunting
(Passerina amoena)
Riparian Migrant
Summer
Rare
Rare
Green-tailed Towhee
(Pipilo chlorurus)
Sagebrush/
Grassland
Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
 
Rufous-sided Towhee
(Pipilo erythrophthalmus)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Chipping Sparrow
(Spizella passerina)
Riparian Migrant Rare  
Brewer's Sparrow
(Spizella breweri)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Common
Common
Vesper Sparrow
(Pooecetes gramineus)
Agricultural
Riparian
Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
 
Lark Sparrow
(Chondestes grammacus)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Rare
Uncommon
Black-throated Sparrow
(Amphispiza bilineata)
Sagebrush/
Grassland
Migrant
Summer
Rare
Rare
 
Sage Sparrow
(Amphispiza belli)
Sagebrush/
Grassland
Migrant
Summer
Common
Common
Lark Bunting
(Calamospiza melanocorys)
Sagebrush/
Grassland
Migrant
Summer
Rare
Rare
 
Savannah Sparrow
(Passerculus sandwichensis)
Agricultural
Riparian
Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Song Sparrow
(Melospiza melodia)
Riparian Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Rare
 
White-crowned Sparrow
(Zonotrichia leucophrys)
Sitewide Migrant Local
Dark-eyed Junco
(Junco hyemalis)
Agricultural
Riparian
Migrant Uncommon  
Snow Bunting
(Plectrophenax nivalis)
Sitewide Migrant
Winter
Rare
Rare
Often observed with horned larks.
Red-winged Blackbird
(Agelaius phoeniceus)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
 
Western Meadowlark
(Sturnella neglecta)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Winter
Common
Common
Uncommon
Yellow-headed Blackbird
(Xanthocephalus xantheocephalus)
Aquatic
Riparian
Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Rare
 
Brewer's Blackbird
(Euphagus cyanocephalus)
Sitewide Migrant
Summer
Winter
Common
Common
Rare
Brown-headed Cowbird
(Molothrus ater)
Agricultural Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
 
Northern Oriole
(Icterus galbula)
Riparian Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
Family Fringillidae        
Rosy Finch
(Leucosticte arctoa)
Sagebrush/
Grassland
Migrant
Winter
Rare
Rare
House Finch
(Carpodacus mexicanus)
Agricultural
Facilities
Riparian
Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Uncommon
 
Pine Siskin
(Cardeulis pinus)
Agricultural
Facilities
Riparian
Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Rare
American Goldfinch
(Carduelis tristis)
Agricultural
Riparian
Migrant Rare  
Evening Grosbeak
(Coccothraustes verpertinus)
Agricultural 
Riparian
Migrant
Summer
Uncommon
Rare
Family Passeridae        
House Sparrow
(Passer domesticus)
Agricultural
Riparian
Migrant
Summer
Winter
Abundant
Common
Uncommon

POSSIBLE OCCURRENCE

Order CICONIIFORMES       Return to Top
Family Ardeidae        
Snowy Egret
(Egretta thula)
Aquatic
Order GRUIFORMES       Return to Top
Family Rallidae        
Virginia Rail
(Rallus limicola)
Aquatic
Family Gruidae        
Sandhill Crane
(Grus canadensis)
Aquatic
Sagebrush/
Grassland
Order CHARADRIIFORMES       Return to Top
Family Recurvirostridae        
Black-necked Stilt
(Himantopus mexicanus)
Aquatic
Order STRIGIFORMES       Return to Top
Family Strigidae        
Western Screech-owl
(Otus kennicottii)
Riparian
Northern Pygmy Owl
(Glaucidium gnoma)
Riparian      
Order APODIFORMES       Return to Top
Family Trochilidae        
Black-chinned Hummingbird
(Archilochus alexandri)
Agricultural
Riparian
Calliope Hummingbird
(Stellula calliope)
Agricultural
Riparian
     
Broad-tailed Hummingbird
(Selasphorus platycercus)
Agricultural
Riparian
Order PICIFORMES       Return to Top
Family Picidae        
Hairy Woodpecker
(Picoides villosus)
Agricultural
Riparian
Order PASSERIFORMES       Return to Top
Family Tyrranidae        
Willow Flycatcher
(Empidonax traillii)
Riparian
Dusky Flycatcher
(Empidonax oberholseri)
Riparian      
Gray Flycatcher
(Empidonax wrightii)
Junipers
Sagebrush/
Grassland
Family Paridae        
Black-capped Chickadee
(Parus atricapillus)
Riparian/
Juniper
Mountain Chickadee
(Parus gambeli)
Riparian/
Juniper
     
Family Troglodytidae        
Marsh Wren
(Cistothorus palustris)
Aquatic
Family Emberizidae        
Orange-crowned Warbler
(Vermivora celata)
Riparian
MacGillivray's Warbler
(Oporonis tolmiei)
Riparian      
Lapland Longspur
(Calcarius lapponicus)
Sagebrush/
Grasssland